Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a systematic approach utilizing various principles of learning to bring about socially significant changes in a child's behavior and skills. Through the use of evidence-based practices, ABA:
Seeks to increase a child's positive behavior while decreasing challenging behavior that may impede on a child's ability to learn and make progress.
Focuses on a variety of skill areas including communication skills, social skills, and skills of daily living.
Identifies each child's goals, behavior plans, and teaching methods to highly individualize and meet their unique needs.
Utilizes in-depth parent interviews and child assessment in the development of the child’s individualized treatment plan and behavior plan.
Parent training is an important component of ABA therapy, as the consistency in implementation across settings is imperative to a child's progress. During parent training, parents learn about a variety of topics, including but not limited to:
What causes and maintains behavior
How children learn
How to utilize principles of reinforcement to teach a child new skills
Parents observe their child and the BCBA during treatment through a one-way mirror and are also included in the treatment sessions. Parents are also directly instructed by the BCBA in the implementation of ABA strategies and techniques.
ABA has been recognized and endorsed by the Office of The U.S. Surgeon General, the American Psychological Association, the Kennedy Krieger Institute, and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, as an effective and safe method for treating Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as well as other developmental disorders.