Children learn behaviors watching other people and from their own life experiences. Sometimes their behaviors may be maladaptive and not appropriate to their age and social development. Behavior modification is a structured teaching approach focused on the child’s behaviors to be extinguished and establishing new behaviors to be reinforced. It is used in the behavioral management of children. For example, a time out is a behavior modification strategy as is a behavior chart, and giving a child a reward for a success. When a child receives behavior modification in therapy, specific behaviors are targeted and skills are taught to replace them. A plan for treatment is established and detailed documentation of the child’s responses is maintained. Parents are provided with assignments to implement at home with the child to assist in the therapeutic process.